Intersectionality increases the degree of difficulty

Displaying icons in white circles denoting first nations, LGBQTI+, race, poverty, the Global South, mental health, disability, and gender

Intersectionality is belonging to more than one marginalised group. It means that you have more “areas” that can open you up for attack. Understanding the range of areas and the effects is key to being able to help.

Intersectionality was originally coined by Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw in 1991 in her publication “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color”.

The way we explain intersectionality is as through the Intersectionality Spectrum (see below), where the more marginalised groups you belong to, the higher the degree of difficulty.

Intersectionality spectrum with different categories of intersectionality along the x-axis and the degree of difficulty shown as a bar graph on the y-axis. Please note that every Intersectionality Spectrum has to be contextual. That means that the model isn't fixed, it is highly contextual and created to fit the situation you are focusing on.